These are clothes we put directly on the body (T-shirts) and sometimes on functional underwear (pants, shorts). These garments help to remove perspiration from the body due to the properties of materials and special design. They dry faster and the user feels comfortable in them. They have different characteristics for different sports. These garments are usually used as the middle layer between underwear and outerwear.


Features for support of physiological comfort

  • The ability to transport perspiration (MMT, BPI)
  • Breathability (air permeability)

Thermoregulation properties

  • Transmittance of heat and vapours

Mechanical properties

  • The change of dimensions and appearance after washing maintenance
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Determination of pilling
  • Bursting properties

Colour fastness

  • Colour fastness to perspiration
  • Colour fastness to washing
  • Colour fastness to artificial light
  • Colour fastness to rubbing

Health – hygienic properties

  • Testing of selected indicators of health - hygienic properties (formaldehyde, pH, heavy metals, aromatic amines)
  • Completion of selected quality parameters
  • Maintenance symbols (pictograms for washing, ironing, drying, etc.)
  • Integrity of manufacturer's information of properties (if written)
  • Improperly selected maintenance procedure leading to product damage
  • Low colour fastness
  • Decline of „functional characteristics" caused by repeated maintenance
  • Inappropriate use of emollients - softener
  • CEN/TR 16422 Classification of thermoregulatory properties
  • EN ISO 12947-2 Textiles – Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method – Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown
  • EN ISO 12945-2 Textiles – Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling – Part 2: Modified Martindale method
  • EN ISO 9237 Textiles – Determination of the permeability of fabrics to air
  • EN ISO 6330 Textiles – Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing
  • AATCC TM-195 Liquid moisture management properties of textile fabrics
  • EN ISO 13938-1 Textiles – Bursting properties of fabrics – Part 1: Hydraulic method for determination of bursting strength and bursting distension

Colour fastness:

  • EN ISO 105-X12 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing
  • EN ISO 105-E04 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration
  • EN ISO 105-B02 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc fading lamp test
  • EN ISO 105-C06 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part C06: Colour fastness to domestic and commercial laundering

Contact for information about testing monolayered clothing:

Don't hesitate to contact us for more information.

Ing. Petr Nasadil

Testing laboratory manager
+420 543 426 730
Textile Testing institute